As we have mentioned in other articles on this website, receiving an IRS audit notification is a stressful event for any taxpayer. There are so many variables in most tax returns and many different factors may contribute to the audit.

Reasons For an Tax Audit

Per the IRS, selection for an audit does not always suggest there’s a problem. The IRS uses several different methods:

  • Random selection and computer screening – sometimes returns are selected based solely on a statistical formula. The IRS will compare your tax return against “norms” for similar returns. They have developed these “norms” from audits of a statistically valid random sample of returns, as part of the National Research Program the IRS conducts. The IRS uses this program to update return selection information.
  • Related examinations – The IRS may select your returns when they involve issues or transactions with other taxpayers, such as business partners or investors, whose returns were selected for audit.

Next, an IRS auditor reviews the return or it may go through a computer review. The return may be accepted; or if something is flagged as questionable, they will identify the items noted and forward the return for assignment to an examining group.

what does an irs audit letter look like 

How will the IRS Contact you Regarding an Audit

Once there is a determination that an audit is assigned to an examiner, the IRS will contact you regarding an audit by letter. They will never initiate contact with you by phone. Be cautious of any unexpected phone calls that come from someone identifying themselves as an IRS agent.

When you receive a letter from the IRS regarding an audit, it will clearly list your full name, taxpayer/SS ID number, form number, IRS employee ID number, and IRS contact information. This letter should clearly identify the primary reason for the audit and what documents you will be expected to provide.

How Should You Respond to an Audit Letter

Before you communicate with the IRS about an audit, consult with a tax attorney about your options. There are several reasons for seeking out legal counsel.

Often a client will know the answer to this question at the very beginning.  But, here are some of the typical reasons why someone would seek out legal support.

  1. If there are questionable items on the tax return
  2. There is no paperwork supporting the items on the return being audited
  3. If the client thinks that the tax return preparer was not honest or knowledgeable

How a Tax Attorney Can Provide Support DURING an IRS Audit

The Internal Revenue Service is not your friend, and they may try to entrap or trip up a taxpayer without representation. Often the client does not want to talk to the Internal Revenue Service at all, and that is fine.

The tax attorney, sometimes working along with the accountant, will handle the audit and all correspondence with the Internal Revenue Service, and will control the flow of information. He will also do the necessary research to show the Internal Revenue Service cases and regulations that support the positions taken on the tax return.

IRS Form Photo Credit: Tax Audit

Received an IRS Notice?

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